Bruce McCann White
Turnstone Historical Research
275 E. 4th St., Suite 790
St. Paul, Minnesota 55101
Books, articles, and reviews
Awards and grants
1994. PhD, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Anthropology. Dissertation: "Familiar Faces: The Photographic Record of the Minnesota Anishinaabeg."
1985. MA, McGill University, Montreal, History. Thesis: "'Give Us a Little Milk': Economics and Ceremony in the Ojibway Fur Trade."
1978. Bachelor of Elected Studies, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, with concentrations in History and French literature.
Books, articles, and reviews
2007. We Are At Home: Photographs of the Ojibwe People. St. Paul: MHS Press.
2005. The Trade at Grand Portage: Trade Patterns at the Great Carrying Place. National Park Service, Grand Portage National Monument. Available as a pdf file at http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/grpo1/fur_trade.pdf
2004. (with Alan Woolworth). "Oheyawahi/ Pilot Knob: A Hill of State and National Significance in Dakota County [Minnesota]," Over the Years, magazine of the Dakota County Historical Society, June issue.
2003. "Gift Giving in the Lake Superior Fur Trade," and "The Power of Whiteness, or, the Life and Times of Joseph Rolette, Jr.," both reprinted in The North Star State: A Minnesota History Reader, ed. by Anne J. Aby. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press.
2003. Review of Ojibwe Singers: Hymns, Grief and a Native Culture in Motion, by Michael D. McNally, in Minnesota History.
2000. "The Regional Context of the Removal Order of 1850," in Fish in the Lakes, Wild Rice, and Game in Abundance Testimony on Behalf of Mille Lacs Ojibwe Hunting and Fishing Rights. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.
2000. "The Woman Who Married a Beaver: Trade Patterns and Gender Roles in the Ojibwa Fur Trade," reprinted in Expression in Canadian Native Studies, ed. by Ron. F. Laliberte, et al. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan Extensions Press.
1998. "The Power of Whiteness, or, The Life and Times of Joseph Rolette, Jr.," Minnesota History, 56 (Winter): 178-97. Winner of Solon J. Buck Award for the best article published in the magazine in 1998.
1998. "The Woman Who Married a Beaver: Trade Patterns and Gender Roles in the Ojibwa Fur Trade," Ethnohistory, 46 (Winter): 109-47.
1998. "Balancing the Books: Trader Profits in the Lake Superior Fur Trade," in New Faces of the Fur Trade: Selected Papers of the Seventh North American Fur Trade Conference, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1995, ed. by Jo-Anne Fiske, Susan Sleeper Smith, and William Wicken. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.
1998. "The Trade Assortment: An Anthropological Approach to Fur Trade Merchandise," in Vingt ans apres: Habitants et marchands Twenty Years Later, ed. by Sylvie Depatie et al. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.
1995. "Minnesota Past and Present," Exhibit Review Essay, American Anthropologist, 97 (December): 776.
1995. Review of The Ojibwa of Western Canada by Laura Peers, in American Indian Culture and Research Journal (Vol. 19, no. 3).
1994. "Encounters with Spirits: Dakota and Ojibwa Theories about the French and Their Merchandise," Ethnohistory, 41 (Summer): 369-405
1994. "The Fear of Pillaging: Economic Folktales in the Great Lakes Fur Trade," The Fur Trade Revisited: Selected Papers of the Sixth North American Fur Trade Conference, Mackinac Island, Michigan, 1991. Lansing: Michigan State University Press.
1992. "Indian Visits: Stereotypical Anecdotes about Minnesota's Native People," Minnesota History, 53 (Fall): 99-111. Winner of the Solon J. Buck Award for the best article published in the magazine in 1992.
1992. Review of Peter S. Schmalz, The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario, in Revue d'histoire de l'Amerique française, 46 (Autumn): 350-52.
1987. "A Skilled Game of Exchange: Ojibway Fur Trade Protocol," Minnesota History, 50 (Summer): 229-40.
1987. "Montreal Canoes and Their Cargoes," in Le Castor Fait Tout: Selected Papers of the Fifth North American Fur Trade Conference, ed. by Bruce G. Trigger, et al. St. Paul: North American Fur Trade Conference.
1987. Entry on Joseph Cadotte, in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, 6: 99-101. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
1982. "Parisian Women's Dogs: A Bibliographical Essay on Cross-Cultural Communication and Trade," in Where Two Worlds Meet: The Great Lakes Fur Trade. Edited by Carolyn Gilman. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society.
1982. "'Give Us a Little Milk': The Social and Cultural Meanings of Gift Giving in the Lake Superior Fur Trade," Minnesota History, 48 (Summer): 60-71. Also printed in Rendezvous: Selected Papers of the Fourth North American Fur Trade Conference, 1981. Edited by Thomas C. Buckley. St. Paul: 1984.
2008. "Use of the Mississippi River and Its Tributaries between Leech Lake and the Platte River by the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and Related Communities," for the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and the U.S.Army Corps of Engineers as part of the Reservoir Operating Plan Evaluation (ROPE) study.
2007. "The Continuing Existence of the Isabella Reservation,” for the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan.
2006. "Eligibility under the 1888, 1889, and 1890 Federal Appropriations for the Mdewakanton Sioux of Minnesota," for the Organization of Mendota Dakota.
2005. Grand Portage as a Trading Post: Patterns of Trade at “the Great Carrying Place”, for the National Park Service, Grand Portage National Monument. Available as a pdf, at the Park Service website.
2004. "Grand Portage National Monument Historic Documents Study," for the National Park Service, Grand Portage National Monument.
2004. “The Historical Meaning and Context of the Trade and Intercourse Provision of Article II of the 1842 Treaty with the Ojibwe at La Pointe,” for the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Keweenaw Bay, Michigan.
2003. Comments on the Environmental Assessment Worksheet for The Bluffs Development, Oheyawahi/Pilot Knob, Mendota Heights, Minnesota. This work was done of the Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Community in Mendota, Minnesota, and the Pilot Knob Preservation Association.
2003. with Alan W. Woolworth, Nomination of Oheyawahi/ Pilot Knob to the National Register of Historic Places. Approved by the Minnesota State Review Board on the National Register, Oct. 28, 2003. Property determined eligible by the Keeper of the National Register, January 2004. The report was later published in article form as “Oheyawahi/ Pilot Knob: A Hill of State and National Significance in Dakota County [Minnesota], Over the Years, magazine of the Dakota County Historical Society, June 2005 issue.
2003. “Ojibwe-White Conflicts over Land and Resources on the Mille Lacs Reservation, 1855-1923,” for the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe.
2000. “Settlement in Context: Article 13 of the Ottawa and Chippewa Treaty of 1836.” Draft report for the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa and the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians
1998. with Helen M. White, “Fort Snelling in 1838: An Ethnographic and Historical Study,” a report for the Minnesota Historical Society, Historic Sites Department. The report has been reprinted and is for sale at the Minnesota Historical Society, Fort Snelling interpretive center bookstore.
1998. “Ojibwe Settlement and Resource Use in South Harbor Township, Mille Lacs County: A Preliminary Report,” for the Lake Onamia/ Trunk Highway 169 Data Recovery Project, Loucks & Associates, Inc., for the Minnesota Department of Transportation.
1996. "Settlement in Northeastern Wisconsin, 1820-90," for the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin.
1995. "Early Game and Fish Regulation and Enforcement in Minnesota, 1858-1920," for the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe in the second phase of the Mille Lacs treaty-rights case.
1994. "The Regional Context of the Removal Order of 1850," a research report for the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, in the lawsuit that later became Minnesota v. Mille Lacs. The case reached the U.S. Supreme Court and a ruling in favor of the Mille Lacs Band was issued in 1999. The majority opinion by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor includes a number of quotations from the "White Report." The report was later published as part of the book Fish in the Lakes, Wild Rice, and Game in Abundance Testimony on Behalf of Mille Lacs Ojibwe Hunting and Fishing Rights. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press: 2000.
2008. "The Myth of the Forgotten Treaty: Written Evidence of the Oral Tradition." American Society for Ethnohistory annual conference.
2008. "The Myth of the Forgotten Treaty," at The State We're In: A Creative and Critical Appraisal of Minnesota at 150 conference, May 2008, Collegeville, MN. Also organizer of "The Enduring Legacy of Minnesota's Treaties" session.
2007. "The Dirt on the Middle Ground: Geography and Metaphor in Ojibwe and Dakota Country." American Society for Ethnohistory annual conference.
2006. "'I Was Baking Bread That Day': Ojibwe Photographic Encounters." American Society for Ethnohistory annual conference. Also session organizer of "New Interpretations of Anishinaabe-Ojibwe History and Culture" session.
2006. "Trade Patterns at Grand Portage." Ninth North American Fur Trade Conference.
2006. "Dakota Seasonal Resource Use and Village Sites in the Twin Cities Area." American Society for Environmental History annual meeting.
2005. "'Was Your Aunt There in 1700?' How the Ojibwe Came to Minnesota and How People Talk About It." American Society for Ethnohistory annual conference.
2001. "Telling Better Stories: Folklore and History in the Fur Trade." National Council on Public History annual conference. (Based on a presentation at a workshop at Grand Portage in Sept. 2000).
1998. "Criminalizing the Seasonal Round: Criminal and Civil Cases Limiting Ojibwe Hunting, Fishing, and Gathering, 1890-1910." American Society for Ethnohistory annual conference. Also organizer of "Ojibwe (Anishingaabeg) Natural Resource Use in the Face of Governmental Regulation: HIstorical and Cultural Perspectives" session.
1996. "Men's Roles in [John] Tanner's Narrative." American Society for Ethnohisory annual conference.
1995. "Balancing the Books: Trader Profits in the Lake Superior Fur Trade." Seventh North American Fur Trade Conference.
1994. "Gender and Trade in the Lake Superior Region." Crucibles of Cultures: North American Frontiers, 1750-1820, a conference sponsored at the Institute of Early American History and Culture, New Orleans.
1994. "The Trade Assortment: An Anthropological Approach to Fur Trade Merchandise." Habitants et Marchands de Montréal: La Recherche sur les XVIIe. et XVIIIe. Siècle Canadiens, a conference in Montreal.
1992. "Encounters with Spirits: Native Impressions of the French in the Western Great Lakes." Native Peoples and New France: Re-Examining the Relationships, 1663-1763, a conference at McGill University, Montreal.
1991. "The Fear of Pillaging: Economic Folktales of the Great Lakes Fur Trade." Sixth North American Fur Trade Conference.
1988. "Picturing the Ojibwe: An Archaeology of Images." Northern Great Plains History Conference.
1986. "Indian Visits: Conflicting Etiquette on the Minnesota Frontier." Minnesota Historical Society, Annual History Conference.
1985. "Montreal Canoes and Their Cargoes." Fifth North American Fur Trade Conference.
1984. "The Michilimackinac Companies." Western History Association annual conference.
1984. "Ojibway Fur Trade Etiquette." Algonquian Conference.
1981. "'Give Us a Little Milk': The Social and Cultural Meanings of Gift Giving in the Lake Superior Fur Trade." Fourth North American Fur Trade Conference,
2008. Presentation on Minnesota Indian histories and research supporting tribal sovereignty, as part of St. Cloud State University, American Indian Studies Summer Institute at Mille Lacs, June 2008.
2007. Presentation on relations been Indian people and whites in pre-territorial Minnesota, for the Bethel University, Tocqueville Institute, June 2007.
2005. Presentation on the sacred Dakota site Oheyawahi/ Pilot Knob, as part of a panel discussion at "Communities of Memory," (examining the contemporary significance of cemeteries), Hennepin History Museum, Nov. 5, 2005.
2005. Organizer of a one-day conference marking the anniversary of the arrival of Zebulon Pike in Minnesota and Pike's Treaty of 1805, under the auspices of the Mdote Lecture Series, at Historic Fort Snelling, Sept. 25, 2005. Also emcee and speaker at the event.
2004. Organizer and emcee of Mdote Lecture Series, month-long series at Historic Fort Snelling in September 2004.
2005. Co-organizer of Dakota/Mdote Lecture Series, a month-long lecture series at St. Peters Catholic Church in Mendota, September 2003.
2002. Visiting speaker in NRES 3001, "Treaty of 1837--Understanding the Conflict," University of Minnesota-Twin Cities class taught by Prof. George Spangler, April 24, 2002.
2000. "Telling a Better Story," a presentation as part of "Old Sites, New Stories, An International Workship on the Management and Interpretation of Fur Trade Historic Sties," sponsored by National Council on Public History, National Park Service, and Parks Canada, at Grand Portage National Monument.
2000. Presentation on the terminology used to describe Métis and Indian people in frontier Minnesota. Dakota Lecture Series at the Hypolite Dupuis House, Henry H. Sibley Historic Site.
1994. Anthropology 3211. "Native Peoples of America," University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.
1994. Anthropology 3960. "Native People of the Plains," University of Minnesota-Rochester Center.
1992. Anthropology 3211. "Native Peoples of North America," University of Minnesota-Rochester Center.
1992. Anthropology 3211. "Native Peoples of North America," University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Extension Division.
1990. "Interviewing Ojibwe People about Photographs," Oral History Association of Minnesota conference.
1986-87. Teaching Assistant, Anthropology 1101, "Human Origins."
Awards and grants
2008-09. Co-chair and author of grant proposal for Dakota Lands in Minnesota Research Project. Funded by the Indian Land Tenure Foundation.
2008. Award of Merit from the American Association for State and Local History, for We Are at Home: Pictures of the Ojibwe People.
2008. Certificate of Recognition from the Twentieth Annual Northeastern Book Awards, for We Are at Home: Pictures of the Ojibwe People.
2008. Finalist, Minnesota Book Awards, for We Are at Home: Pictures of the Ojibwe People.
1999. Solon J. Buck Award for best article published in Minnesota History in 1998 ("The Power of Whiteness").
1993. Solon J. Buck Award for best article published in Minnesota History in 1992 ("Indian Visits")
1989. Awarded Wenner-Gren Foundation PhD Dissertation Grant, for research on photographs of the Minnesota Ojibwe.
1988. Awarded Phillips Fund Grant by the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, for research on photographs of the Minnesota Ojibwe.
1985. Received grant by the Minnesota Historical Society Publications and Research Division for archival research on Ojibwe photographs.
1983. Awarded Phillips Fund Grant by the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, for research on the Lake Superior fur trade.